Cuál es la diferencia entre endemia, epidemia y pandemia


Tras confirmarse casos de coronavirus en más de 40 países, la alarma ya es mundial y desde la Organización Mundial de la Salud ( OMS) ya informaron que el brote podría llegar a ser pandemia. En China, ya murieron más de 2700 personas. Fuera del país, la cifra aún es baja pero crece. Italia, Irán y Corea del Sur están entre los países más afectados. ¿Por qué se comienza a hablar de pandemia, en lugar de epidemia endemia? Si bien, los términos hacen referencia a la propagación de virus y enfermedades, la diferencia está en el alcance y prevalencia de los mismos.


Una enfermedad que se presenta con regularidad en ciertas regiones se denomina endémica. En estos casos, el número de enfermedades permanece relativamente constante a lo largo del tiempo. Un ejemplo típico es la malaria.


Una epidemia se produce cuando una enfermedad contagiosa se propaga rápidamente en una población determinada, afectando simultáneamente a un gran número de personas durante un período de tiempo concreto. Un ejemplo es la epidemia del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS) en 2003.


Si el brote afecta a regiones geográficas más extensas, cruzando fronteras internacionales y propagándose a lo largo de varios continentes, se cataloga como pandemia. Por ejemplo, la gripe porcina, causada por una variante del influenzavirus A, desencadenó una pandemia en 2009.

Fuente: La Nación


  1. I have been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of area .

    Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this site. Reading this information So i’m happy to
    show that I have an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I
    discovered just what I needed. I such a lot without a doubt will make sure to do not disregard
    this site and give it a look regularly. 0mniartist asmr

  2. It’s perfect time to make a few plans for the long run and it is time to be happy.
    I’ve learn this post and if I may just I want to recommend you few interesting issues or tips.
    Maybe you can write subsequent articles referring
    to this article. I want to read even more things about it!
    0mniartist asmr

  3. Heya i am for the primary time here. I came across this board
    and I to find It truly helpful & it helped me out a lot. I’m hoping to provide one thing back and
    help others such as you aided me. 0mniartist asmr

  4. I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the structure of your website?
    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect
    with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only
    having one or two pictures. Maybe you could space it out better?
    0mniartist asmr

  5. community action partnership cda community colleges in near me , community action partnership kearney ne. community college new york lyrica 75 mg lyrica 75 mg , positive pregnancy test in dream positive ana fibromyalgia positive and negative feedback homeostasis , positive likelihood ratio community definition dentistry? followers instagram positive quotes book, community bank bridgeport tx community first aid course.
    community health center arlington , friends clipart positive words happy positive feedback loop used in a sentence.

  6. office depot quicken software drawing program website to buy Autocad 2020 graphic design software. radeon software adrenalin 2020 fps counter office software versions engeeeneringu#$sssaunnplus , 2020 design software reviews. office management software free download, office software for macbook office software easy free office software students. kodak esp office 2150 printer software for mac enginuity 2020 software download, office software free download for mac.

  7. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your webpage?
    My blog is in the exact same niche as yours and my visitors would truly benefit from a lot of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this alright with you. Cheers!

  8. Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished to
    say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing on your rss feed and I’m hoping you write again soon!

  9. Can I just say what a comfort to uncover someone who actually understands what they’re talking about on the web.
    You actually know how to bring an issue to light and make it important.
    A lot more people have to look at this and understand this side of your
    story. It’s surprising you’re not more popular given that you
    definitely possess the gift.

  10. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you have been using?
    I’m having some small security problems with my latest site
    and I would like to find something more safeguarded. Do you have any suggestions?

  11. I have been browsing on-line more than 3 hours nowadays,
    yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s lovely worth
    enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content material as you probably
    did, the internet might be a lot more useful than ever before.

  12. Thanks , I’ve recently been searching for information about this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I’ve came
    upon so far. However, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you sure about the supply?

  13. Great work! That is the type of info that should be shared around the web.

    Disgrace on Google for not positioning this submit higher!
    Come on over and discuss with my website . Thank you =)


Por favor ingrese su comentario!
Por favor ingrese su nombre aquí