Cómo debe ser tu alimentación si tienes piedras en la vesícula

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Es muy importante beber de 2,5 a 3 litros de agua al día y ser estricto con la dieta para piedras en la vesícula, porque si se toma medicación y no se corrige la alimentación, no solucionaremos el problema de raíz.

Si padeces piedras en la vesícula, debes seguir una dieta constituida principalmente por alimentos con bajo contenido de grasas, por lo que tendrás que evitar el consumo de frituras, aceites y embutidos. En su lugar, tendrás que aumentar el consumo de agua, frutas y verduras.

Todos estos cuidados ayudan a disminuir los síntomas como dolor o malestar abdominal durante las crisis, siendo la alimentación un componente fundamental. Sin embargo, esta no debe sustituir el tratamiento clínico prescrito por el médico, que puede incluir el uso de algunos medicamentos para aliviar los síntomas.

¿Qué son las piedras en la vesícula?

Cálculos en la vesícula
Las piedras en la vesícula son depósitos duros que pueden obstruir los conductos biliares. Su oportuna intervención puede ayudar a evitar complicaciones en la salud.

La aparición de cálculos en la vesícula biliar es un problema frecuente. Las piedras en la vesícula o cálculos biliares son unas partículas sólidas que se forman en la vesícula originadas por la cristalización de la bilis.

La vesícula biliar es un órgano pequeño que junto al páncreas y el hígado se encargan de producir enzimas digestivas y bilis para digerir las grasas. Los cálculos biliares impiden que la vesícula ejecute su trabajo impidiendo una fácil digestión de todos los alimentos. 

Hay quienes creen que los cálculos en la vesícula pueden estar causados por malos hábitos alimenticios. Un consumo excesivo de alimentos ricos en grasas obligan al hígado a segregar más bilis. De ahí la importancia de controlar lo que se come, tanto para prevenir la aparición de piedras como para aliviar sus síntomas.

Dieta para los pacientes que sufren piedras en la vesícula

Es muy importante beber de 2,5 a 3 litros de agua al día y ser estricto con la dieta para piedras en la vesícula, porque si se toma medicación y no se corrige la alimentación, no solucionaremos el problema de raíz.

Establece un horario fijo de 5-6 comidas, teniendo en cuenta

  • No más de 4 piezas de fruta al día.
  • Tres comidas principales y dos/tres tentempiés.
  • No dejes pasar más de una hora, desde que te levantas sin desayunar.
  • No dejes pasar más de 4-5 horas entre comidas.
  • Si pasan más de 3 horas desde la cena a la hora de acostarte, debes tomar un snack (tipo media mañana o merienda).

Alimentos permitidos

Variedad de alimentos sanos para proteger tu salud hepática
Mantener una alimentación balanceada y saludable puede apoyar el tratamiento contra las piedras en la vesícula. Es importante limitar el consumo de alimentos con altos contenidos de grasa.

Se debe comer alimentos ricos en agua y con poco o ningún contenido de grasa, tales como:

  • Frutas, excepto coco, aguacate y asaí.
  • Vegetales en general, especialmente los cocidos, ya que facilitan la digestión.
  • Granos integrales como arroz, pasta y pan integral.
  • Carnes bajas en grasa y cocidas o a la plancha como pollo sin piel, pescado y pavo.
  • Agua y jugos de fruta.

Además de consumir estos alimentos, es importante cocinarlos a la plancha o al vapor , porque estas son las formas de cocinar que no le adicionan grasa a los alimentos.

Alimentos no permitidos

Los alimentos prohibidos son los alimentos con alto contenido de grasa como:

  • Leche entera, requesón y yogur
  • Quesos amarillos como parmesano
  • Mantequilla y cualquier otra grasa animal
  • Carnes grasas como costillas, salchichas, carne de pato o ganso
  • Vísceras como el hígado, corazón, riñón o tripas
  • Oleaginosas como nueces, castañas, almendras, cacahuete
  • Otros: chocolate, galletas, pasta de hojaldres, caldo de carne, salsas listas, mayonesa
  • Bebidas alcohólicas
  • Productos azucarados
  • Bebidas carbonatadas

¿Por qué es importante limitar el consumo de grasas?

Lo que ocurre en una persona con piedras en la vesícula al ingerir grasas, es que la bilis que es una sustancia producida por la vesícula. Tiene como función mezclarse con las grasas en el intestino para ayudarlas a ser absorbidas, por lo que si se ingieren la vesícula será estimulada para liberar la bilis y esto causará aún más dolor e incomodidad.

Es importante recordar que, las personas con piedras en la vesícula deben consultar a un nutricionista para que le sea realizado un plan nutricional individual, según sus necesidades. También es importante ir donde un cirujano del aparato digestivo para que indique el tratamiento a seguir.

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